Surrogate Mother Definition & Process
Surrogate motherhood is the process by which a woman gets pregnant and after the birth of the child gives it to others to raise it. From the gestation period and till the birth, the child is taken care of by the biological mother. After the birth of the child, the biological mother has no hand in raising the child. Surrogate motherhood has long been practiced by women for the purpose of getting paid or other reasons. Couples who are unable to conceive due to the complications in them opt for surrogacy to get a child. This is also preferred by many in case they do not want to adopt. Surrogate motherhood gives the couple a chance to have a child with biological links.
Many couples are unable to conceive for various medical reasons. In this case, surrogate motherhood helps them in dealing with childlessness. Surrogacy requires a willing and healthy woman who is ready to conceive for others in lieu of money or other benefits. In cases where a woman faces abnormality in the uterus, can have her egg fertilized with the sperm of the partner and place it in the womb of the surrogate mother. This type of surrogacy is popularly known as gestational surrogacy. The biological relation of the child can be maintained by this. In medical terminology, assisted reproduction is known as surrogacy.
Surrogate Mother: Must Read Information
Another type of surrogate motherhood is the traditional surrogacy where the child is conceived in the womb of the mother. The conceiving of the child can be either by natural copulation or by artificial means. Most of the surrogate motherhood requires a couple to pay something to the mother in cash and kind.
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When there is no such reward got from surrogacy, it is known as altruistic surrogacy. In this type of surrogacy, only the medical expenses are borne by those who are getting the child. After the birth of the child, it is the duty of the commissioning parents to look after the child. In many cases, the eggs and the sperms are donated and fertilized in the laboratory after they are placed in ovary of the surrogate mother.
In many places, surrogate motherhood has been legalized in order to facilitate the problem of childlessness. However many nations have not legalized this option of having children. Surrogate motherhood means that the mother has to relinquish the child willingly.
When there are emotional attachments associated, then it becomes difficult for the mother to give up the baby. Places where surrogate motherhood is legal, the legal parents of the child are the commissioning parents. Whereas in places where there are no legalization of surrogacy, the one giving birth is the mother of the child.