Infertility in women is one of the major issues related to human pregnancy. Medical practitioners from all around the world are carrying out frontier pathological researches to single out the causes of infertility. Ovotestis deals with the microscopic anatomy of a gonad which carries both testicular tubular elements as well as ovarian follicles. Gonads containing these elements are normally found in individuals having true hermaphroditism. It might be noted that ovotestis are placed in separate cells, with tissues setting apart the testicular elements from the ovarian follicles. It might also be noted that a well-proportionate blending of both these elements may also occur in some cases. Such occasions do not occur on a frequent basis.
Hermaphroditism is a rare disorder characterized by the presence of both testicular and ovarian tissues. The term ovotestis is coined up from ovary and testis. In case of hermaphroditism, the gonads may either be ovotestis, or they may be disjointed with an ovary at one compartment and a testis at the other. Ovarian and testicular tissues are likely to develop on the same side of the pelvis as a distinguished testis and ovary.
An ovotestis gonad may be found in an ovarian posture, shaping up like a labioscrotal fold, in the inguinal canal, or may be placed at the internal inguinal ring.
Ovaries, the second most important component in ovotestis, are generally lodged in the normal abdominal position. Sometimes though, they are found at the internal inguinal ring. Note that ovaries, under normal circumstances, are found on the left side. Even though experts have tried to find the cause of such a common physiological phenomenon, there hasn’t been much progress so far.
Testis is not considered to be an integral part of common gonad in true hermaphroditism. Usually a part of the scrotum, a testis can be positioned at any passage along the tract of fetal descent from abdomen to scrotum. Testes are also found on a frequent manner in inguinal hernias.
Patients having true hermaphroditism are born with defective genital formations. True hermaphroditism also involves abnormal menstruation cycles and breast development during puberty. Apart from these syndromes, there aren’t too many developmental abnormalities in the patients of true Hermaphroditism. Thanks to the modern medicare techniques, the mortality rate is not that alarming for affected individuals.
It’s been observed that ovotestis tends to be race-specific. This complication is prevalent among the black population of Africa.