Infertility is defined as a biological inability to contribute to the process of conception. It is often described as the inability of a woman to carry a pregnancy to its full term. There are common causes of infertility as well, among men and women. Fertile women experience natural fertility before and after ovulation and they are infertile during other phases of menstrual cycle. Biological Infertility is one of the prime causes of infertility, which has been discussed in the following lines.
What are the Main Causes of Infertility in Females?
There are some common causes of infertility among male and females, which are described below. Diseases responsible for infertility are thyroid disorders, diabetes mellitus and adrenal diseases. Hypothalamic Pituitary factors responsible for the infertility are Hyperprolactinemia, Kallaman syndrome and hypopituitarism.
In Hyperprolactinemia, high levels of prolactin gets accumulated in blood, thus causing infertility along with other symptoms. Kallaman syndrome is a disease, in which a deficiency of Gonadotrophin releasing hormones, cause malfunctioning of the glands that are responsible for the production of sex hormones, thus reducing fertility. Hypopituitarism is a medical term associated with the deficiency of the production of one or more hormones of the pituitary gland. Some of the genetic factors are also responsible for infertility in both men and women, the prime one being Robertsonian translocation. When either of the partners suffer from this disease, he or she may become completely infertile or the women may experience miscarriage, every time she conceives.
There are women who cannot conceive at all, the condition being termed as primary infertility. The secondary infertility is associated with the difficulty of conceiving after the first normal pregnancy. It has been also seen that both the partners are fertile but there is some problem as far as conceiving is concerned. Genetic or immunological factors are responsible for this condition.
Main Factors are Responsible for Infertility
- Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
- Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases
- Premature Ovarian Syndrome
- Uterine Fibroids
- Fibroid Tumors
- Tubal and Peritoneal Problems
- Cervical and Uterine Factors
- Immunology Factors
- Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone Deficiency
- Luteal Phase Deficiency
You will be surprised to know that there are some cases of unexplained causes of Infertility, as the investigations show absolutely no abnormalities but then even, the partners fail to conceive. For successful fertilization, the quality of the egg is one of the most important factors, which decreases with age, among women.