A Cord Blood Bank is a method of storing the umbilical cord blood for future use. A Cord blood is a valuable resource physiologically transfused from the placenta through the umbilical cord to the neonate for stabilization upon birth. This is not recommended to be harvested for the huge majority of cases of people. Both private and public Cord Blood Banks have evolved since the mid to late 1990s in reply to the success of cord blood transplants in treating various kinds of diseases of the blood and immune systems of a human being. After giving birth to the baby, the umbilical cord is thus preserved to be used later.
Many public Cord Blood Banks accept aid to be used for anyone in need. Still, there are very strict rules and policy which public banks need to follow to facilitate the donated units to be added to a registry. Normally an expectant mother, who is interested in donating the coed should contact the bank before the 34th week of Pregnancy. The National Marrow Donor Program gives a list of all the public Cord Blood Banks on their website. It loses all identifying information once the blood is donated after a short period of initial testing, so that families will not be able to recover their blood later.
Cord blood comprises of hematopoietic stem cells and progenitor cells which can form red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets for the body. At present cord blood cells are used to treat blood and immune system related genetic diseases, cancers and blood disorders in human beings. For all those mothers having low-risk pregnancy, private storage of one’s own cord blood is unlawful in Italy and France, and discouraged in some other European states. The American Academy of Pediatrics states that private cord blood banking is usually not suggested unless there is a family history of specific genetic diseases. One of the Medical Terminology for Pregnancy, Cord Blood Banks is coming of age in recent times with its various tests and use.