Amenorrhea: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment


Amenorrhea, or amenorrhoea is one of the prime causes of infertility among women. It is a type of menstrual condition when menstrual periods do not occur for more than three months in a woman. It can happen either in the early age, during puberty, or in later life. Amenorrhea can be classified as primary Amenorrhea and secondary Amenorrhea.

The first classification of Amenorrhea, that is, Primary Amenorrhea is a condition, when there is no menstrual at puberty. Secondary Amenorrhea is a condition, when menstruation stops suddenly or becomes irregular. Amenorrhea is just a sign and it is not a disease itself, which normally arises as a result of some serious health problem.

There are several causes of Amenorrhea, which are discussed in the following lines. Ovulation abnormality is one of the prime causes of Amenorrhea, more precisely, the cause of frequently missed or irregular menstrual periods. When women do not start her periods, even at the age of 16, the causes can be diagnosed as anatomical abnormality and birth defect or a medical condition. Sometimes, due to some strenuous exercise or over exercise, the fat content of the body becomes less, thus giving rise to Amenorrhea. This is very common among female athletes, as they have to go through excessive training.

Also Read: Luteal Phase Deficiency: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis & Treatment

You will be surprised to know that eating disorder is also one of the prime causes of Amenorrhea. When people suffer from bulimia or anorexia, there is weight loss. Due to weight loss, the body is not able to sustain pregnancy and the reproductive system also is not able to function properly. Obesity and thyroid disorders can also be the causes of Amenorrhea. Thyroid disorders, hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, are responsible for Amenorrhea, as they secrete too low or too high amounts of thyroid in the blood stream, which is unfavorable for reproduction.When a woman is overweight or obese, the fat cells interfere in the ovulation process, thus giving rise to the condition of Amenorrhea.

Amenorrhea is curable with various kinds of treatments, such as oral contraceptives, dietary modifications and progesterone supplements, which you can resort to, only on the advice of your medical practitioner.